23. Catechu Tree plants ( खदिर, खैर ) Khair, Senegalia Catechu – Plant
Plant Height 22 inch (56 cm)
Plant Spread 6 inch (15 cm)
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Common Name Cutch Tree, Black Catechu, Black Cutch, Cashoo, Catechu, Wadalee gum
Maximum Reachable Height 15-20 meters.
Flower Colour White or Pale Yellow
Bloom Time June-August
Difficulty Level Easy to grow
Planting And Care
It is a hardy tree, does not require much care.
It requires full sun to grow well.
It is a drought tolerant plant, do not over water it.
Prune the tree in winter every year to maintain shape and size.
Prune the damaged and diseased branches from the tree.
It is mainly propagated through the seeds. The seeds are mostly shown in the month of June. It is planted on sandy soil. The seeds germinate in the monsoons. Khair should be sown on mounds at least 61 to 76 cm in height so that the seedlings do not remain submerged in water for a long period.
Sunlight Full sun
Soil Well drained and fertile sandy soil.
Temperature 25-35 degrees C
Fertilizer Apply any organic fertilizer every year during spring.
Khair Special Feature
The Khair tree signifies endurance and strength and it is a tree of Mrigashira Nakshatra.
Best for avenue planting
The different parts of the tree have a variety of medicinal uses
Khair tree is very useful in dental problems
It gives relief in dry cough
It is also given in stomatis, Anaemia, Leprosy, Bronchitis, Pruritus, Diarrhoea, Polyuria
Its wood contains catechin, catechutanic acid and tannin
It is used externally for ulcers, boils and eruption of the skin
The juice of the fresh bark is given in haemoptysis
It is used to treat painful throat and cough
Kattha (catechu), an extract of its heartwood, is used as an ingredient to give red color and typical flavor to paan
It is the moderate sized deciduous tree. It has rough bark which is dark gray-brown in color. It grows up to a height of 15 meters. The leaves are 8 -10 cm long. It has short curved stipular spines and rough grayish brown bark. The flowers are pale yellow in color.
They start appearing khair-tree in the month of June -August. Fruits ripen in January to March and remain in the tree for long. The young parts are dark brown to purple in color. The tree has a rough texture from outside.